Abstract—This study describes how typhoons in the South
China Sea can change the sea surface temperature (SST) and
precipitation rate trend. Typhoons that occurred in the South
China Sea from 1991 to 2011 were selected. The effect of
typhoons on SST and precipitation rate was examined with the
use of archived data of the National Centers for Environmental
Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research
(NCEP/NCAR), and the number of typhoons from the Joint
Typhoon Warning Center during the indicated period was
reported. Most typhoons happened during the months of
August and September. Maximum values of SST and
precipitation rate were recorded during May and June and
during November and December, respectively. Results of a
long-term study on typhoon behavior indicate that on average,
SST increases before a typhoon whereas precipitation rate
increases after a typhoon. By contrast, a short-term study
showed that an increase in the number of typhoons decreases
both SST and precipitation rate. Most variations in SST and
precipitation rate were seen in longitudes and latitudes in the
Index Terms—Precipitation rate, South China Sea, SST, tropical cyclone.
The authors are with the Center for Marine and Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Tahereh Haghroosta and Wan Ruslan Ismail, "Changes in Sea Surface Temperature and Precipitation Rate during Typhoons in the South China Sea," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 390-392, 2013.