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IJESD 2013 Vol.4(4): 390-392 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2013.V4.378

Changes in Sea Surface Temperature and Precipitation Rate during Typhoons in the South China Sea

Tahereh Haghroosta and Wan Ruslan Ismail

Abstract—This study describes how typhoons in the South China Sea can change the sea surface temperature (SST) and precipitation rate trend. Typhoons that occurred in the South China Sea from 1991 to 2011 were selected. The effect of typhoons on SST and precipitation rate was examined with the use of archived data of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR), and the number of typhoons from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center during the indicated period was reported. Most typhoons happened during the months of August and September. Maximum values of SST and precipitation rate were recorded during May and June and during November and December, respectively. Results of a long-term study on typhoon behavior indicate that on average, SST increases before a typhoon whereas precipitation rate increases after a typhoon. By contrast, a short-term study showed that an increase in the number of typhoons decreases both SST and precipitation rate. Most variations in SST and precipitation rate were seen in longitudes and latitudes in the Malaysian environment.

Index Terms—Precipitation rate, South China Sea, SST, tropical cyclone.

The authors are with the Center for Marine and Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia (e-mail: haghroosta@hotmail.com; wruslan@usm.my).


Cite:Tahereh Haghroosta and Wan Ruslan Ismail, "Changes in Sea Surface Temperature and Precipitation Rate during Typhoons in the South China Sea," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 390-392, 2013.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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