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IJESD 2017 Vol.8(10): 691-695 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2017.8.10.1040

Coconut-Fibre Biofilm Wastewater Treatment System in Sri Lanka: Microcosm Experiments for Evaluating Wastewater Treatment Efficiencies and Oxygen Consumption

Naofumi Sato, Takeshi Saito, Hiroyasu Satoh, Norio Tanaka, and Ken Kawamoto

Abstract—This study evaluated the performance of a coconut-fibre biofilm wastewater treatment system (COTS) by utilizing microcosm experiments in the laboratory. In the microcosm experiments, two types of wastewater, synthetic sewage and leachate, with different pollutant loads were used. Three coconut-fibre conditions, a single bundle (low fibre density), two bundles (high fibre density), and no coconut fibre (blank) were set in the experiments. Water quality parameters (pH, DO, EC, BOD, COD, TC, TOC, TN and TP) of effluents were measured at one-week intervals, and removal % of BOD, COD, TC, TN and TP was evaluated. There was a clear increase in the oxygen consumption for the synthetic leachate with increasing the coconut fibre density. Besides, the removal % of pollutants was highly dependent on the load conditions, implying that the proper control of pollutant loads is effective to enhance the treatment efficiencies in COTS.

Index Terms—Sewage, landfill leachate, coconut-fibre, biofilm treatment, microcosm experiment.

The authors are with Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Japan, EX Research Institute Ltd., Japan (e-mail: naofumi.sato@exri.co.jp, saitou@mail.saitama-u.ac.jp, hiroyasu@k.u-tokyo.ac.jp, tanaka01@mail.saitama-u.ac.jp, kawamoto@mail.saitama-u.ac.jp).

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Cite: Naofumi Sato, Takeshi Saito, Hiroyasu Satoh, Norio Tanaka, and Ken Kawamoto, "Coconut-Fibre Biofilm Wastewater Treatment System in Sri Lanka: Microcosm Experiments for Evaluating Wastewater Treatment Efficiencies and Oxygen Consumption," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 691-695, 2017.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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