Home > Archive > 2013 > Volume 4 Number 5 (Oct. 2013) >
IJESD 2013 Vol.4(5): 608-612 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2013.V4.423

Life Cycle Assessment of Fish Culture in Thailand: Case Study of Nile Tilapia and Striped Catfish

Patcharaporn Pongpat and Rungnapa Tongpool

Abstract—This study was aimed to assess environmental impacts of fish culturing in Thailand using life cycle assessment (LCA) method. The scope was a cradle-to-gate study of red nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus). The impact assessment method of CML Baseline 2000 was applied to evaluate the impacts in the categories of abiotic depletion, acidification and global warming. The impacts of red nile tilapia were 3-4 times higher than those of striped catfish. The global warming potential of red nile tilapia was 2.96 kg CO2 eq, where as that of striped catfish was 1.01 kg CO2 eq. The feeds, especially fish meal, were the main impact contributors. Small replacement of fish meal with soybean meal while maintaining the growth rate of the fish was possible. This leaded to slightly decrease in the environmental impacts. The environmental performance of fish meal itself should be improved in order to reduce the impacts from fish culture.

Index Terms—Fish culture, LCA, Nile tilapia, striped catfish.

All the authors are with the National Metal and Materials Technology Center, Pathumthani, 12120 Thailand (e-mail: patcharp@mtec.or.th, rungnapt@mtec.or.th).


Cite:Patcharaporn Pongpat and Rungnapa Tongpool, "Life Cycle Assessment of Fish Culture in Thailand: Case Study of Nile Tilapia and Striped Catfish," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 608-612, 2013.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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