Abstract—Pesticides daily pollutes soil and water in farmland and environment in ASEAN agricultural developing countries. In this study, pesticide adsorption was studied by bentonite modification, targeting the “organoclay” adsorbent in comparison to native bentonite, which was probably reported to adsorb agricultural pesticide. Commercial bentonite was modified with the berberine containing natural extract from Coscinium fenestratum; the local folk medicine in Thailand. The modified clay by extracted berberine was able to adsorb carbamate pesticide carbaryl with significant rate. HPLC analysis of residue carbaryl after adsorption process showed that it was up to 80% carbaryl adsorption when bentonite was modified by extracted berberine with ratio 1:100 (w/w), whereas commercial bentonite has showed at 70%. Modified bentonite by C. fenestratum extract and berberine revealed by scanning electron microscopy showed that the different transform levels of this clay surface, herein, the highest carbaryl adsorption occurred when berberine/bentonite ratio for modification process was 1/200 (w/w). SEM results also demonstrated that the amount of berberine should be taken into consideration in term of bentonite modification for pesticide adsorption. Coscinium fenestratum plant will be further studied for its contribution to pesticide adsorption material in Thailand.
Index Terms—Bentonite, berberine, modification, carbaryl, adsorption, Coscinium fenestratum.
S. Tha-in is with the Graduate School in Chemistry program, Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry and Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand (e-mail: email@example.com)
K. Dumri is with Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
H. A. Dau is with Faculty of Science and Agricultural Technology, Rajamagala University of Technology Lanna, Chiang Mai, Thailand (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Cite:S. Tha-in, H. A. Dau, and K. Dumri, "The Enhanced Carbamate Adsorption of Modified Bentonite with Coscinium fenestratum," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 415-418, 2013.