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IJESD 2023 Vol.14(6): 355-363
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2023.14.6.1455

Reduction of Plastic Waste in Tourism Activities in Sam Son City, Viet Nam

Truong Sy Vinh, Nguyen Trung Thang, Nguyen Thuy Van*, and Sunil Herat

Manuscript received March 27, 2023; revised May 23, 2023; accepted July 21, 2023.

Abstract—Pollution caused by plastic waste (PW) is becoming urgent, causing negative impacts on tourism development in Viet Nam. This study aims to determine the amount of PW generated in Sam Son, especially from tourism activities. It proposes solutions to reduce PW in the tourism sector in the coastal city of Sam Son, Thanh Hoa province, Viet Nam. A survey of tourists, households, and accommodation establishments carried out the assessment of PW generation. The pilot activity was conducted by providing alternative products to selected hotels to replace single-use plastics. The results show that PW generation from tourism accounts for 42.42% of domestic solid waste. The estimated average rate of PW generation per visitor is about 0.4kg/person/day. The COVID-19 pandemic is estimated to have reduced the PW generated in this sector by about 40%. Although it may result in a 1.4-fold increase in expenses, tourism accommodation establishments and visitors have responded positively to activities replacing single-use plastic products. To reduce PW from tourism in Sam Son, several solutions are proposed, including implementing the extended producer responsibility (EPR) mechanism effectively; implementing a roadmap to eliminate single-use plastic products; building technical infrastructure for classification, collection, and treatment; developing a plan to reduce PW in Thanh Hoa province; promoting and raising awareness and understanding about PW.

Index Terms—Tourism, plastic waste, single-use plastic products, non-biodegradable plastic bags

T. S. Vinh and N. T. Van are with the Institute for Tourism Development Research, Hanoi, Vietnam.
N. T. Thang is with the Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment, Hanoi, Vietnam.
Sunil Herat is with the Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.
*Correspondence: van.itdr@gmail.com (N.T.V.)

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Cite: Truong Sy Vinh, Nguyen Trung Thang, Nguyen Thuy Van*, and Sunil Herat, "Reduction of Plastic Waste in Tourism Activities in Sam Son City, Viet Nam," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 355-363, 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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