Volume 14 Number 5 (Oct. 2023)
IJESD 2023 Vol.14(5): 287-291
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2023.14.5.1446

The Effect of Acetic Acid and Hydrochloric Acid as a Solvent for Chitosan to Reduce Turbidity in Eutrophic Water

Utami Irawati*, Fauziah A. Hikmah, and Ahmad B. Junaidi
Manuscript received September 11, 2022; revised November 3, 2022; accepted December 26, 2022.
Abstract—In this research, the potential of chitosan as a coagulant to reduce the turbidity of eutrophic water was investigated. To examine the possible effect of the solvent of chitosan on its performance in reducing the turbidity of eutrophic water, different types of acid, i.e. acetic acid and hydrochloric acid, were used to dissolve chitosan, in which the concentration of each acid was also varied. The chitosan dissolved in acetic acid was labeled as Chit-AA while the one being dissolved in HCl was labeled as Chit-HCl. A standard jar test apparatus was used to determine the optimum dosage and coagulation pH for both Chit-AA dan Chit-HCl. Both Chit-AA and Chit-HCl gave optimum results at a dosage of 10 mg/L, where the turbidity reductions after coagulation with Chit-AA and Chit-HCl were 64.78% and 85.33%, respectively. The optimum coagulation pH for Chit-AA was pH 7 while Chit-HCl gave an optimum result at pH 8. The concentration of the acid being used to dissolve chitosan appeared to affect the decrease in turbidity, where a higher acid concentration lead to a higher decrease in turbidity.

Index Terms—Chitosan, coagulant, turbidity

Utami Irawati is with Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lambung Mangkurat University and Water Treatment Research Group FMIPA ULM, Banjarbaru, Indonesia.
Fauziah A. Hikmah is with Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia.
Ahmad B. Junaidi is with Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lambung Mangkurat University Indonesia.
*Correspondence: uirawati@ulm.ac.id (U.I.)

[PDF]

Cite: Utami Irawati*, Fauziah A. Hikmah, and Ahmad B. Junaidi, "The Effect of Acetic Acid and Hydrochloric Acid as a Solvent for Chitosan to Reduce Turbidity in Eutrophic Water," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 287-291, 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).



 General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus, Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 

  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net      

  Call for Papers

When submitting papers for potential publication in IJESD, please submit an original editable file in .doc style file. All figures, tables, and equations, etc., should be embedded into the original file.