International Journal of Environmental Science and Development

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Volume 14 Number 2 (Apr. 2023)

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IJESD 2023 Vol.14(2): 140-146
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2023.14.2.1426

Research of the Ecological Status in the Waters of the River Sitnica-Kosovo

Mensur Kelmendi and Mehush Aliu*
Manuscript received June 16, 2022; revised July 15, 2022; accepted September 7, 2022.
Abstract—The most potential pollutants of the river Sitnica with phenols, heavy metals, and other physicochemical indicators are Kishnica Mine, Ferronikel, surface coal mines, Kosovo Energy Corporation, landfill with industrial waste in Mitrovica, landfills and urban discharges, etc. The purpose of this work is to investigate the degree of pollution and to determine the ecological status of the Sitnica River. Although the focus of our research is the phenol pollution of the waters of the river Sitnica. During our research we have analyzed physicochemical parameters with contemporary analytical techniques, applying the standard determination methods. The parameters that have been analyzed are temperature, electrical conductivity, oxygen saturation, total matter suspended, NH4+, PO43-, SO42-, Cl-, pH, DO, BOD5, COD, N-NH4, NO3-, NO2-, PO4-P, TP. The results obtained and presented in tabular form and compared with the reference values, reflect enormous pollution with phenols, at the maximum rate of 1.137 mg/L and other physicochemical pollutants. Based on the findings from the conducted experiments, the water of the river Sitnica is categorized in waters with a poor ecological status.

Index Terms—Ecological status, KEC, phenols, physicochemical parameters, Sitnica River, urban and industrial discharges

The authors are with the Faculty of Food Technology at the University “Isa Boletini” in Mitrovica, Albania.
*Correspondence: (M.A.)


Cite: Mensur Kelmendi and Mehush Aliu*, "Research of the Ecological Status in the Waters of the River Sitnica-Kosovo," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 140-146, 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).