Volume 13 Number 6 (Dec. 2022)
IJESD 2022 Vol.13(6): 292-297 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2022.13.6.1407

Multi-criteria Assessment of Onsite Packaged Wastewater Treatment Systems

Mohd Elmuntasir Ahmed, A. Al-Matouq, M. Khajah, H. Abdullah, and F. Al-Ajeel

Abstract—Onsite wastewater treatment systems and small scale packaged wastewater treatment plants have been used on a large scale in developing and developed countries where centralized sewerage facilities are not feasible. Generally, onsite systems continuously work under significant variations in both quantity and quality of the influent wastewater. Therefore, their suitability needs to be assessed before installation and operation to ensure their suitability and sustainability. This paper aims to define a set of context-specific criteria to assist in selecting the best onsite wastewater treatment system and to break down these criteria into measurable parameters. Furthermore, the developed multi-criteria assessment tool was validated using the results of the performance monitoring of a selected wastewater treatment system. This work is important since the selection of onsite systems, in many cases, is done based on declared performance by the supplier and the costs involved.

Index Terms—Multi-criteria, onsite wastewater treatment, packaged wastewater treatment systems, wastewater reuse, wastewater treatment.

Mohd Elmuntasir Ahmed, A. Al-Matouq, M. Khajah, H. Abdullah, and F. Al-Ajeel are with Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait City, Kuwait (corresponding author: Mohd Elmuntasir Ahmed; e-mail: miahmed@kisr.edu.kw, amatouq@kisr.edu.kw, mkhajah@kisr.edu.kw, hsafar@kisr.edu.kw, falajeel@kisr.edu.kw).


Cite: Mohd Elmuntasir Ahmed, A. Al-Matouq, M. Khajah, H. Abdullah, and F. Al-Ajeel, "Multi-criteria Assessment of Onsite Packaged Wastewater Treatment Systems," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 292-297, 2022.

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

 General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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