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IJESD 2021 Vol.12(4): 107-111 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2021.12.4.1326

Comparative Study between Membrane Bioreactor MBR and Rotating Biological Contactors RBC for Greywater Treatment

Amr M. Abdelkader

Abstract—Greywater is the major part of water consumption in houses. Greywater should be treated to complying with the specifications for several purposes such as toilet flush, landscaping irrigation, and agriculture. The treatment efficiency of both MBR and RBC systems was investigated by using a verified mathematical model. The simulation program GPS-X (version 6.0) was used to simulate both MBR and RBC systems. The simulation model for biological treatment for both MBR and RBC systems is based on Activated Sludge Model 1 (ASM1). The experimental data for model calibration and verification for the MBR system were taken from experimental work done at Tubitak, Marmara Research Center, Turkey ATASOY. As well as the RBC proposed model was verified also by using RBC experimental results for a pilot plant according to BABAN. The RBC pilot plant consists of three units, The first is the RBC unit, the second unit is the settling tank and the last unit is the disinfection tank. The results of the MBR plant showed that the removal efficiencies of the greywater were: 95% for COD; 95% for BOD5; 96% for TKN; 92% for NH4+ and 99% for TSS. Whereas, the results of the RBC show that, The BOD efficiency removal was ranged between about 93.0 to 96.0 %, and for the total SS removal was ranged between 84.0 to 95.0 %. The MBR system provides complete nitrification and suspended solid removal. The RBC system provides less nitrification process and suspended solid removal. The effluent of the rotating biological contactors units for the greywater could be reused after filtration and disinfection with minimal cost of operation. The effluent of the membrane bioreactor unit needs only disinfection before reuse.

Index Terms—Membrane bioreactor, rotating biological contactors, greywater treatment, mathematical models, wastewater reuse.

Amr M. Abdelkader is with the College of Engineering, University of Business and Technology UBT, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He is also with the Sanitary Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt (e-mail: amr_abdel_kader@yahoo.com).

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Cite: Amr M. Abdelkader, "Comparative Study between Membrane Bioreactor MBR and Rotating Biological Contactors RBC for Greywater Treatment," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 107-111, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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