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IJESD 2020 Vol.11(3): 123-127 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2020.11.3.1237

Groundwater Contamination Issues in Chiniot Area, Punjab, Pakistan

Mirza Naseer Ahmad, Rashida Sultana, Mitsuo Yoshida, and Maria Salahuddin

Abstract—This study was planned to assess the groundwater quality of the District Chiniot, Pakistan. The majority of the people in the area use the groundwater from private wells. Water quality is very poor in the area especially close to the Pre Cambrian exposed Hills. TDS (total dissolved solids), hardness, Chloride, Sulfate and Calcium were very high in groundwater. Trace element chemistry shows that As, Mn and S are above the recommended limit. As and Mn contamination is due to water-rock interaction. Whereas S is encountered in shallow wells, which may be due to improper solid waste management and septic tanks. Microbiological analysis of municipal supply water shows that 25% of water samples have faecal contamination. High TDS groundwater is the cause of economic loss due to damage of sanitary fittings.

Index Terms—Groundwater contamination, district Chiniot, microbiological contamination.

M. N. Ahmad, R. Sultana, and M. Salahuddin are with Abdus Salam School of Sciences, Nusrat Jahan College, Rabwah, Pakistan (corresponding author: M. N. Ahmad; e-mail: nmirza@njc.edu.pk, rashida.sultana@njc.edu.pk).
M. Yoshida is with Environmental Research Laboratory of International Network for Environmental and Humanitrian Cooperation (iNehc), Nonprofit Inc., Tokyo, Japan.


Cite: Mirza Naseer Ahmad, Rashida Sultana, Mitsuo Yoshida, and Maria Salahuddin, "Groundwater Contamination Issues in Chiniot Area, Punjab, Pakistan," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 123-127, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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