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IJESD 2015 Vol.6(1): 77-82 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.565

Biosorption of Pb(II) Ion by Crosslinked Pectin-CMC with BADGE (Bisphenol A Diglycidyl Ether) through Reflux Method

B. Hastuti, Mudasir, D. Siswanta, and Triyono

Abstract—The aim of this study was to develop a procedure for preparing biosorbent from natural material pectin and chitosan. The method to prepare biosorbent pectin-CMCBADGE is established by using Reflux method. Pectin– carboxymethyl chitosan crosslinked with BADGE (bisphenol A diglycidyl ether) where BADGE was used as the crosslinking agen and chitosan was grafted with acetate to form carboxymetyl chitosan (CMC). The result of this study was biosorbent Pectin-CMC-BADGE could increased sorption capacity for remove heavy metal ions in waste water by adsorb lead (II) ion. The structure and the morphology of the resulting adsorbent were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mass adsorbent adsorb Pb (II) was 15 mg with 94.78% of adsorption and adsorption capacity was 30.29 mg/g. Optimum contact time to adsorb Pb (II) was 60 minutes with 99.13% of adsorption and adsorption capacity was 44.33 mg/g. Optimum pH to adsorb Pb (II) was at pH 5 with 97.73% of adsorption and adsorption capacity was 45.03 mg/g.

Index Terms—CMC, pectin, pectin-CMC-BADGE, adsorbent, Pb(II).

B. Hastuti is with Chemistry Program, Science and Mathematics Education Major, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret, She with the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Indonesia (e-mail: bhastuti.uns@gmail.com).
Mudasir, D. Siswanta, and Triyono are with the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

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Cite:B. Hastuti, Mudasir, D. Siswanta, and Triyono, "Biosorption of Pb(II) Ion by Crosslinked Pectin-CMC with BADGE (Bisphenol A Diglycidyl Ether) through Reflux Method," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 77-82, 2015.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print); 2972-3698 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 1.4), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net

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