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    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
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Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2017 Vol.8(5): 337-341 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2017.8.5.974

Effect of Seasons and Sources of Raw Water on the Properties of Water Treatment Residue Compacted Clay

Woottipong Prakongwittaya, Suwimol Asavapisit, Rungroj Piyapanuwat, and Teerawut Muhummud
Abstract—Seasons affect the rainfall and river current. Thus, the quality of raw water from rivers as well as the property of water treatment residue (WTR) from water treatment plant are season-dependent. In this research, the season-dependent properties of WTR as compacted clay from five treatment plants located in the central of Thailand has been studied. These properties included Liquid Limit (LL), Plastic Limit (PL), Shrinkage Limit (SL), particles size, Optimum Moisture Content (OMC), and Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS). It is found that the seasons and the sources of raw water in Thailand slightly affected the properties of WTR. The highest quality WTR was obtained from Tha Chin River, especially, those collected at the end of winter. A comparison between clay and WTR properties showed that their physical properties were similar. However, their strength and permeability were different. Clay-WTR mixture with the ratio of 1:1 is recommended for landfill liner because it offers comparable properties with clay but with a lower material cost.

Index Terms—Atterberg’s limit, compaction test, permeability, unconfined compressive strength, water treatment residue.

Woottipong Prakongwittaya and Suwimol Asavapisit are with Environmental Technology, School of Energy, Environment and Materials, KMUTT, Bangkok, Thailand (e-mail: woottipong.pra@kmutt.ac.th, suwimol.asa@kmutt.ac.th).
Rungroj Piyapanuwat is with King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (Ratchaburi), Ratchaburi, Thailand (e-mail: rungroj.piy@kmutt.ac.th).
Teerawut Muhummud is with Department of Civil Technology Education, School of Industrial Education and Technology, KMUTT Bangkok, Thailand (e-mail: teerawut.muh@kmutt.ac.th).

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Cite: Woottipong Prakongwittaya, Suwimol Asavapisit, Rungroj Piyapanuwat, and Teerawut Muhummud, "Effect of Seasons and Sources of Raw Water on the Properties of Water Treatment Residue Compacted Clay," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 337-341, 2017.

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