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    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
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The University of Queensland, Australia
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IJESD 2017 Vol.8(3): 200-203 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2017.8.3.947

Biodegradation of Phenolic Hydrocarbon Waste Using Bacterial Consortium from Cattle Rumen

Ibnu Maulana, Heri Hermansyah, Arina Shallyta, and Hanif Yuliani
Abstract—Waste water in Indonesia especially from industries contains phenol around 16 ppm which is higher than regulated standard quality of phenol in waste water (2 ppm). Phenol is a toxic aromatic hydrocarbon which is dangerous and difficult to degrade. Therefore, we conduct a study about biodegradation process of hydrocarbon (phenol) liquid waste using bacterial consortium from cattle rumen. In this paper, the researchers discussed how to produce, effect of incubation medium, and identification of bacterial consortium which is isolated from the cattle rumen and petroleum sludge, both solid and liquid form. Based on gram-staining analysis, cattle rumen bacteria are gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Phenol biodegradation using cattle rumen bacterial consortium, the obtained k value sure 0.174; 1.125; 1,527; 0.007 and 0.116, which are based on the concentration of phenol of 12, 24, 48, 72 and 120. Similarly, for petroleum sludge, the obtained k values respectively are 0.212; 1.029; 1.26; 1.74 and 2.196.

Index Terms—Bacterial consortium, cattle rumen, phenol biodegradation.

The authors are with the Department of chemical engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia (e-mail:


Cite: Ibnu Maulana, Heri Hermansyah, Arina Shallyta, and Hanif Yuliani, "Biodegradation of Phenolic Hydrocarbon Waste Using Bacterial Consortium from Cattle Rumen," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 200-203, 2017.

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