Abstract—Waste water in Indonesia especially from
industries contains phenol around 16 ppm which is higher than
regulated standard quality of phenol in waste water (2 ppm).
Phenol is a toxic aromatic hydrocarbon which is dangerous and
difficult to degrade. Therefore, we conduct a study about
biodegradation process of hydrocarbon (phenol) liquid waste
using bacterial consortium from cattle rumen. In this paper, the
researchers discussed how to produce, effect of incubation
medium, and identification of bacterial consortium which is
isolated from the cattle rumen and petroleum sludge, both solid
and liquid form. Based on gram-staining analysis, cattle rumen
bacteria are gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Phenol
biodegradation using cattle rumen bacterial consortium, the
obtained k value sure 0.174; 1.125; 1,527; 0.007 and 0.116,
which are based on the concentration of phenol of 12, 24, 48, 72
and 120. Similarly, for petroleum sludge, the obtained k values
respectively are 0.212; 1.029; 1.26; 1.74 and 2.196.
Index Terms—Bacterial consortium, cattle rumen, phenol biodegradation.
The authors are with the Department of chemical engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Ibnu Maulana, Heri Hermansyah, Arina Shallyta, and Hanif Yuliani, "Biodegradation of Phenolic Hydrocarbon Waste Using Bacterial Consortium from Cattle Rumen," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 200-203, 2017.