Abstract—Application of iron oxide loaded sand (IOLRS) for the removal of hexavalent chromium has been investigated. The noral ilica sand was used in the experiments. IOLRS was characterized by XRD, and FTIR to investigate its specific characteristics. Particle size was found to be in the range 2.5 to 200 µm. Removal efficiency of adsorbent for Cr(VI) was determined for batch adsorption experiments. Effect of various important parameters such as concentration, pH, temperature and adsorbent dose on the removal of Cr(VI) was investigated. The removal of Cr (VI) was better in acidic pH range. The removal increased from 65 to 71.66 % by increasing temperature from 25 to 450C showing the process of removal to be endothermic. Kinetic studies revealed that removal process is governed by pseudo first order kinetic model. Intraparticle diffusion was not found to be rate limiting step in removal process. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption capacity was found to be 0.36 and 0.18 mg/g respectively at 450C. Various thermodynamic parameters viz. ΔG0, ΔH0 and ΔS0 were determined. Value of ΔG0 was found to be negative which confirms the feasibility of process while positive values of ΔH0 further confirm endothermic nature of the process. Present study revealed that Iron oxide loaded riverbed sand (IOLRS) can be used as an alternative for the otherwise ‘more expensive’ adsorbents and resultant data may help in designing treatment plants for the Cr(VI) rich effluents.
Index Terms—Cr(VI), adsorption, removal, riverbed sand, kinetics, isotherm.
Yogesh C. Sharma is with Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, Varanasi 221005, India (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Elham Jalilnejad is with the Department of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Iran (e-mail: email@example.com).
Sofia Yarusova is with Institute of Chemistry, Far-Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; 690022, Russian Federation, Vladivostok, Prospekt 100-letya Vladivostoka, 159; Vladivostok State University of Economy and Service; 690014, Russian Federation, Vladivostok, Gogolya street, 41.
Cite: Yogesh C. Sharma, Elham Jalilnejad, and Sofia Yarusova, "Investigation of Adsorption Characteristics of an Engineered Adsorbent for Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solutions," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 195-199, 2017.