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    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
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Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2016 Vol.7(6): 415-419 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2016.V7.811

The Influence of Soil Fungi on the Sorption of Cesium and Strontium in the Soil Organic Layer

Prapamon Seeprasert, Minoru Yoneda, and Yoko Shimada
Abstract—Large quantities of cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr) released from the Fukushima accident in 2011 are still present in terrestrial ecosystems. This study addressed the contribution of microbial activity to the sorption of Cs and Sr into organic material, which is necessary for comparing non-sterile systems with sterile systems. The aim was to determine the contribution of microbial activity to the sorption of Cs and Sr in organic material. The complete potential of fungi to cycle Cs and Sr in the organic soil system was assessed in a series of experiments. Organic material was prepared under laboratory conditions from leaf litter to minimize the interference from competition by clay minerals. The results of an experimental system comparing biotic and abiotic systems conclusively demonstrate that soil fungi play an important role in the sorption and retention of Cs and Sr. In all experiments, the retention of both elements was greater in biotic systems than in abiotic systems. Soil and saprotrophic fungi make an important contribution to the sorption of Cs and Sr in organic systems and may partly account for the strong, irreversible binding observed in biotic systems. The single strains of Fusarium sp., Trichoderma sp., and Aspergillus sp. showed increased amounts of Cs and Sr in a fixed form compared with those found in a biotic system. This finding may partly account for the high level of retention of Cs and Sr in upland organic soil, which is not satisfactorily accounted by the physicochemical process alone. It may also partly account for the strong, irreversible binding observed in biotic systems.

Index Terms—Cesium, organic soil, soil fungi, strontium.

The authors are with the Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan (e-mail: noon@risk.env.kyoto-u.ac.jp).

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Cite: Prapamon Seeprasert, Minoru Yoneda, and Yoko Shimada, "The Influence of Soil Fungi on the Sorption of Cesium and Strontium in the Soil Organic Layer," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 415-419, 2016.

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