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    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
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Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2016 Vol.7(6): 399-405 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2016.V7.808

Anaerobic Digestion at 45°C for Sludge Treatment: A Trade-off between Performances and Capability in Producing Class a Biosolids

Nuruol Syuhadaa Mohd, Baoqiang Li, Amber Hameed, Safia Ahmed, and Rumana Riffat
Abstract—Anaerobic digestion at mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures have been widely studied and evaluated for the purpose of sludge stabilization. However, limited extensive research has been conducted on anaerobic digestion in the intermediate zone of 45°C, mainly due to the notion that limited microbial activity occurs within this zone. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the performance and the capability of anaerobic digestion at 45°C in producing class A biosolids, in comparison to a mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion system operated at 35°C and 55°C, respectively. 45°C anaerobic digestion systems were not able to achieve comparable methane yield and high quality effluent as mesophilic system, though the systems produced biogas with 66.08±2.83% methane. No ammonia inhibition was observed and the digesters were able to achieve volatile solids (VS) reduction of 47.79±1.86%. Moreover, the pathogen counts were less than 1,000 MPN/g dry solids, thus, producing Class A biosolids. However, the 45°C systems suffered from high acetate accumulation, but sufficient buffering capacity was observed. Correspondingly, the dominant methanogen existed in 45°C system was thermo-tolerant acetate-utilizing methanogen of Methanosarcinaceae species.

Index Terms—45°C anaerobic digestion, acetate accumulation, class a biosolids.

N. S. Mohd was with George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052 USA. She is now with the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603, Malaysia (e-mail: nuruol.syuhadaa@gmail.com).
B. Li and R. Riffat are with the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20052, USA (e-mail: baoqiang0606@gwu.edu, riffat@gwu.edu).
A. Hameed and S. Ahmed are with the Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan (e-mail: amberh@yahoo.com, safiamrl@yahoo.com).

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Cite: Nuruol Syuhadaa Mohd, Baoqiang Li, Amber Hameed, Safia Ahmed, and Rumana Riffat, "Anaerobic Digestion at 45°C for Sludge Treatment: A Trade-off between Performances and Capability in Producing Class a Biosolids," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 399-405, 2016.

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