—Sugar cane industry signifies a very important income for the Mexican economy; nevertheless, the inadequate agricultural practices, promote the emission of tons of atmospheric particles (PM). In order to have a better understanding about the toxics contained in the particle emission from sugarcane burning, two sampling campaigns to collect fine particles (PM2.5
) and respirable particles (PM10
) during and after the harvest season, were performed in the municipality of Córdoba, Veracruz, México, a small city next to many sugarcane crops. Results showed that particles concentrations increased around 41% for PM10
and 32% for PM2.5
, whereas black carbon concentrations increased 25% and 28% respectively. The high PM2.5
ratio of 0.7during harvest shows that most of the particles and toxic are contained in the fine fraction, in addition, the sum of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) was around 50% of total PAHs, with a BAPeq of 996 pg m-3
during harvesting; these results represents an important risk for the neighboring population, consequently authorities and decision makers should attend and implement control strategies.
—Sugarcane burning, PM2.5
, black carbon, PAHs.
The authors are with the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, México (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: Violeta Mugica-Á lvarez, Sandra Ramos-Guízar, Naxieli Santiago-de la Rosa, Miguel Torres-Rodríguez, and Luis Noreña-Franco, "Black Carbon and Particulate Organic Toxics Emitted by Sugarcane Burning in Veracruz, México," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 290-294, 2016.