Abstract—This research aims to determine options for land conservation practices based on land uses and functions in Kungkai watershed, Bengkulu, Sumatera, Indonesia. The research was conducted from March to May, 2013 in the Kungkai watershed geographically lying on between 102022’25” - 102036’15” Lat., and on 3048’25” - 407’37” Long. This area is involved of Seluma District, Bengkulu Province, Sumatera, Indonesia, with run-off along 45 km to Indian Ocean, covering of 33,134.04 ha.
The Kungkai watershed currently is under environmentally pressures in which 40% more categorizing poor conditions. The Semidang Bukit Kabu wildlife hunting area covering 2,275.35 Ha, or 6.88% of the Kungkai watershed almost all under poor conditions. This wildlife hunting area must be conducted reforestation. People living, and their activities on the wildlife hunting area have to re-settle. The Bukit Daun and Bukit Sanggul have any opportunities as an area of social forestry introducing agro-forestry cultivation models with planting of multi-purposes tree species. All areas of agriculture cultivation on the watershed need land conservation tillage and management with environmentally sounding for their sustainability productivities. Options for land management practices using cover crops, minimum tillage, till bench terrace implementation needed for sustainable agriculture on the Kungkai watershed.
Index Terms—Kungkai Watershed, Land Degradation, Land Conservation Practices.
Muhammad Faiz Barchia is with the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia. (E-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Muhammad Faiz Barchia, "Options for Land Conservation Practices Based on Land Uses in Kungkai Watershed, Bengkulu, Sumatera, Indonesia," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 221-224, 2016.