Abstract—Industry is demanding ever-greater volumes of
water, while at the same time producing wastes and effluents,
which in many places taint and damage the quality of this
precious resource on which all life depends. The water balance
of industrial parks is not well known. This article formalizes a
systematic water mass balance framework to quantify water
flows into, water flows inside and effluents out of the industrial
park. Using the method, Long Thanh industrial park in Dong
Nai province, Vietnam was evaluated. The approach makes
visible large flows of water that have previously been
unaccounted and ignored. In 2012-2014, the industrial parks
varied 28 to 53% for water consumption for production, 40 to
45% for effluent discharge. The approach demonstrates how the
principles of water balance can help robust water accounting,
monitoring, optimum operating and management in industrial
Index Terms—Mass balance, industrial water, water balance analysis.
Pham Thi Thuy and Nguyen Manh Khai are with the Faculty of Environmental Science, Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, Vietnam (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Pham Thanh Tuan is with Vietnam Environment Administration, 10 Ton That Thuyet, Hanoi, Vietnam (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Pham Thi Thuy, Pham Thanh Tuan, and Nguyen Manh Khai, "Industrial Water Mass Balance Analysis," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 216-220, 2016.