Abstract—The Ministry of Environment & Forests notified the Biomedical Waste (management & handling) Rules, 1998" (BMW Mgt) in July 1998. In accordance with the rules, every hospital generating BMW needs to set up requisite BMW treatment facilities on site or ensure requisite treatment of waste at common treatment facility. No untreated BMW shall be kept stored beyond a period of 48 hours. BMW [pathogenic organisms] are hazardous in nature. These damage the environment, even at low concentration. Long-term health effects due to these toxic gases are cancer, coronary disease and impaired reproduction. Hence it is necessary to take precautionary measures, so that hazardous components in the waste are rendered harmless through proper treatment and safe disposal methods. The paper will serve as an introduction to the scientific information and terminology used in the risk assessment of dioxins and dioxin-like chemicals produced during BMW decomposition. Adsorption Method for Sampling of Dioxins and Furans (AMESA) is an automatic system for continuous monitoring of emissions of dioxins and furans from BMW treatment processes which require official approval in compliance with environmental regulations. The paper covers the method of detecting dioxin and furan concentration produced during BMW treatment and reporting the severity of toxic level using computer aided system (CAS). It also suggests the method of post treating the toxic gases when the toxic gas concentration is higher, which is indicated by CAS.
Index Terms—AMESA, adsorption, BMW, CAS.
Gopalakrishnan N is a Third Year Student in SSN College of Engineering, Chennai, India (corresponding author phone: 044-23614139; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Aravinthan P, Assistant Professor, Computer Science Department is with DMI College of Engineering, Chennai, India (e-mail: email@example.com).
Arun Srinivas P is a Second Year Student in SSN College of Engineering, Chennai, India (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Vigneswaran N is a Final Year Student in Jaya Engineering College, Chennai, India(e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Gopalakrishnan N, Aravinthan P, Arun srinivas P and Vigneswaran N, "Automated Computer Aided System for Estimation of Toxic Gas Produced During Decomposition of Biomedical Waste," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 315-317, 2010.