Abstract—Tourist receipts is a crucial determinant in
Malaysian economic growth. However, environmental hazards
due to climate change is perceived as potential threats to
tourism. This paper aims to understand the effect of
environmental hazards on the international tourist arrivals in
Malaysia. Malaysian monthly data was analyzed using the
linear regression approach to examine the tourism-led
economic growth. Granger Causality Test is employed to test
for directional cause analysis among variables. Overall results
also show that an increase in environmental hazards that
moderated with international tourist arrivals leads to a lower
Malaysian economic growth in Malaysia. Meanwhile, better air
quality boosts the number of international tourist arrivals,
hence stimulates Malaysian economic growth. Granger
causality results indicate that there exists a bidirectional cause
between international tourist arrivals and climate change
(temperature, and thunderstorm) but a unidirectional causality
exists between international tourist arrivals and economic
growth, carbon emission, air quality and rainfall, respectively.
Effective mitigation of climate change needs to be implemented
by the authorities to reduce the environmental risk.
Index Terms—International tourist, economic growth, environment hazards, Malaysia.
The authors are with the Faculty of Management, Multimedia University, Cyberjaya, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Chuie-Hong Tan and See-Nie Lee, "Investigating the Impact of International Tourist Arrivals on Economic Growth under Environmental Hazards in Malaysia," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 189-194, 2022.Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).