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    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2018 Vol.9(9): 250-257 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2018.9.9.1109

Identification of the Natural Elements for Sustainable Development in the Urban Structure of Vietnam: The Case Study of Hue City

Nguyen Hong Dung and Vo Ngoc Duc
Abstract—During urban formation from 1802 to 1945, the mountain systems and natural waters were closely utilised in urban design of Hue City which was a relevant example of urban planning for sustainable development. Hue Citadel was built as an unusual combination of human and nature, the principles of Western military architecture meeting the ideology of Eastern philosophy and traditional architecture of Vietnam. The fortification model of Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban harmoniously united with local natural elements to create the identity of the ecological system which was considered as an appropriate local technology for environmental self-regulating.
In the last decades, Hue City has been experiencing main changes by the impacts of urbanization such as the increase in population, changing lifestyle, environmental pollution, flood, causing heavy variation of the characters of the traditional landscapes, and harming of the heritage. Most of the precedent designs and ideas tend to be ignored and broken down. Understanding and identification of characters of historical fabric, landscape value, and urban structure are very important to the preservation of a sustainable model which orients towards the Feng Shui methodology. Since 1993, the complex of Hue Monuments was inscribed on the List of World Heritage by UNESCO.

Index Terms—Identity, Feng Shui, ecology, water, sustainability.

Nguyen Hong Dung is with the Faculty of Literature and Language, University of Sciences, Hue University, Vietnam.
Vo Ngoc Duc is with the Department of Civil and Building Engineering, and Architecture, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy. He is also with Faculty of Architecture, University of Sciences, Hue University, Vietnam (e-mail:


Cite: Nguyen Hong Dung and Vo Ngoc Duc, "Identification of the Natural Elements for Sustainable Development in the Urban Structure of Vietnam: The Case Study of Hue City," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 250-257, 2018.

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