General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), EBSCO, CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
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IJESD 2018 Vol.9(8): 213-217 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2018.9.8.1103

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Clinker Production with Conventional and Alternative Fuels Usage in Turkey

S. Çankaya and B. Pekey
Abstract—Recently, a considerable increase has been occurred in cement manufacturing, which is a highly intensive energy and resource consuming and carbon emission industry, in parallel with industrialization and urbanization. Turkey is the fourth largest cement producer in the world. Therefore, assessing the life cycle of clinker that is the main material of cement, defining the most important environmental impacts arising from clinker production and practicing the best available production techniques is vital for environmental sustainability. In this study, life cycle assessment of clinker production with conventional fuels was carried out in Turkey (which was named as scenario 1). Additionally, alternative scenarios using alternative fuels (refused derived fuel and dried sludge) were developed and comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) study was performed. As a result of the study, the most environmentally-friendly scenario was determined as Scenario 6 using dried sludge to produce one tone clinker.

Index Terms—Alternative fuel, clinker, environmental impact, life cycle assessment.

The authors are with the Environmental Engineering Department, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey (e-mail:,


Cite: S. Çankaya and B. Pekey, "Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Clinker Production with Conventional and Alternative Fuels Usage in Turkey," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 213-217, 2018.

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