Abstract—Recently, a considerable increase has been
occurred in cement manufacturing, which is a highly intensive
energy and resource consuming and carbon emission industry,
in parallel with industrialization and urbanization. Turkey is
the fourth largest cement producer in the world. Therefore,
assessing the life cycle of clinker that is the main material of
cement, defining the most important environmental impacts
arising from clinker production and practicing the best available
production techniques is vital for environmental sustainability.
In this study, life cycle assessment of clinker production with
conventional fuels was carried out in Turkey (which was named
as scenario 1). Additionally, alternative scenarios using
alternative fuels (refused derived fuel and dried sludge) were
developed and comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) study
was performed. As a result of the study, the most
environmentally-friendly scenario was determined as Scenario 6
using dried sludge to produce one tone clinker.
Index Terms—Alternative fuel, clinker, environmental impact, life cycle assessment.
The authors are with the Environmental Engineering Department, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: S. Çankaya and B. Pekey, "Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Clinker Production with Conventional and Alternative Fuels Usage in Turkey," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 213-217, 2018.