Abstract—Compelling evidence reveals that exponential
growth of human activities as a result of science and
technological advancement over the past few decades has been
driving planetary change at an unprecedented pace and
magnitude. The cumulative anthropogenic environmental
pressure threatening human long-term existence calls for
urgent and immediate mitigating measures. The challenge here
is to raise human environmental awareness based on an
empirical assessment of human-driven environmental changes,
and to examine the moral causes of environmentally destructive
human practices rooted in the Baconian stance of human
supremacy over nature. To orient further analysis towards this
line of thought, the article attempts to craft a philosophical
framework of nature drawing from Albert Schweitzer’s
reverence for life ethics that will deepen our understanding of
human environmental behaviour and ethical engagement with,
and stewardship responsibility to, nature. It is concluded that
nurturing a sustainable world requires the human race to
uphold strong ethical commitment to protect and conserve
Index Terms—Albert Schweitzer, biocentrism, conquest of nature, ecocentrism, Francis Bacon, reverence for life ethics.
Choy Yee Keong is with the Faculty of Economics, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan (e-mail: choy3293@ gmail.com).
Cite: Choy Yee Keong, "Nurturing a Sustainable Earth System in the Age of Science and Technology: From Francis Bacon’s Conquest of Nature to Albert Schweitzer’s Ethics of Reverence for Life," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 110-114, 2018.