Abstract—Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-contaminated
soil and sewage sludge mixtures in microcosms were tested
separately in triplicate with two types of biological agents,
namely earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus) and spent fungal
mycelia of Pleurotus sajor-caju (SPC) for 60 days. The results
indicated that vermiremediation (VMR) and mycoremediation
(MYC) showed degradation result of 99.99% PAHs i.e. Anth,
Phen and BaP removal. Ten earthworms and 750 g of SPC
depicted optimum results in nutrient element content among
respective treatments. Treatment of MYC resulted a
consistence increment of soil macronutrients except for TP and
TKN (500 g treatment) compared to VMR. Hence, sixty days
incubation of spent fungal mycelia of Pleurotus sajor-caju
compost (SPC) is potential to degrade 99.99% of Anth, Phen
and BaP but at the same time enrich the soil macronutrients i.e.
TOC, TKN and TK.
Index Terms—Bioremediation, lumbricus rubellus, spent mushroom compost, vermitechnology.
A. B. Azizi is with the UM-Kyoto University Program under Sustainability Science (SuSci) Research Cluster, Research Management & Innovation Complex (RMIC), University of Malaya 50603 Kuala Lumpur (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
K. Y. Liew, Z. M. Noor and Noorlidah Abdullah are with the Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya 50603 Kuala Lumpur (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite:A. B. Azizi, K. Y. Liew, Z. M. Noor, and Noorlidah Abdullah, "Vermiremediation and Mycoremediation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Soil and Sewage Sludge Mixture: A Comparative Study," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 565-568, 2013.