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IJESD 2013 Vol.4(5): 545-551 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2013.V4.411

The Adsorption Study of Copper Removal by Chitosan-Coated Sludge Derived from Water Treatment Plant

Meng-Wei Wan, Chan-Ching Wang, and Chien-Min Chen

Abstract—The rapid development of science and technology in recent years created a standard of living that caused serious deterioration in the environment. Heavy metal contamination in the soil, surface water and groundwater is one of the major environmental problems due to their non-biodegradability and toxicity. Thus, how to solve efficiently the heavy metal pollution in groundwater has become the most essential issue around the world. Commercialized adsorbents such as activated carbon are effective in removing heavy metals but remain costly. In this study, the removal of copper (II) from aqueous solutions using a biodegradable material, known as chitosan coated sludge (CCS), was investigated under static conditions. The sludge was obtained from a water treatment plant. Moreover, batch experiments were conducted to investigate the adsorption effect under different initial concentration (Co = 100, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/L), solution at pH=3 to pH=4 and contact time (0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 h). Results indicated that the data fitted well with Langmuir model at Qmax value of 18.83 mg/g CCS for Cu(II) ions at two hours contact time. The kinetic data best fit the pseudo-second order equation, indicating that chemisorption is the rate-limiting step of the Cu(II) adsorption.

Index Terms—Adsorption, chitosan, copper, sludge, water treatment plant.

Meng-Wei Wan and Chien-Min Chen are with the Department of Environmental Engineering and Science, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan City 71710 Taiwan (e-mail:peterwan @mail.chna.edu.tw; jimchen@mail.chna.edu.tw).
Chan-Ching Wang is with the Department of Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung Marine University,142 Haijhuan Road, Nanzih District, Kaohsiung 81157, Taiwan (email: stacy13306@gmail.com).

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Cite:Meng-Wei Wan, Chan-Ching Wang, and Chien-Min Chen, "The Adsorption Study of Copper Removal by Chitosan-Coated Sludge Derived from Water Treatment Plant," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 545-551, 2013.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Bimonthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2021: 0.8), Google Scholar, CNKI, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net