General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), EBSCO, CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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    • Twitter: @IJESD1
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
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IJESD 2013 Vol.4(5): 533-537 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2013.V4.409

Measure on Eco-Efficiency of Thai Growing-Fishing Pig Farms

C. Rattanapan, T. T. Suksaroj, S. Wongsawass, and W. Ounsaneha
Abstract—This research measured the eco-efficiency of Thai growing-fishing pig farms. Eco-efficiency indicators were developed by the previous literatures and field observation contributed for the investigation of the potential environmental impact in a material flow analysis. Eco-Eco-efficiency degrees and trends at economic and environment performances for Thai growing-fishing pig farms during 2010-2012 was calculated. The eco-efficiency degrees and trends were assessed by World Business Council for Sustainable Development recommendation and Snapshot graph plot, respectively. The results showed that the highest and lowest eco-efficiency degrees of Thai growing-fishing pig farms were drug and energy consumptions, respectively. The eco-efficiency of Thai growing-fishing pig farms snapshot showed that most eco-efficiency indicators were located in Fully-Eco-Efficiency. However, only wastewater production indicator was located in Haft-eco-efficiency because the growing-fishing pig farm required the water for cleaning twice a day. Biogas production from the growing-fishing pig farms wastewater should be recommended for enhancing approach of eco-efficiency performance.

Index Terms—Eco-efficiency, growing-fishing pig, farm, sustainable development, Thailand.

C. Rattanpan and S. Wongsawass are with ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom, 73710, Thailand (e-mail:,
T. T. Suksaroj and W. Onsaneha are with Faculty of Environmental Management, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90112, Thailand.


Cite:C. Rattanapan, T. T. Suksaroj, S. Wongsawass, and W. Ounsaneha, "Measure on Eco-Efficiency of Thai Growing-Fishing Pig Farms," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 533-537, 2013.

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