General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), EBSCO, CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
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IJESD 2012 Vol.3(4): 394-406 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2012.V3.255

Addressing the Challenges of Ammonia Loss from Poultry Droppings through Indigenous Carbon Wastes

Prasanthrajan Mohan and Boomiraj Kovilpillai
Abstract—Laboratory experiment was conducted to screen the carbonaceous wastes suitable for making poultry droppings compost. Carbon-rich waste materials namely, coir pith, sawdust, paper wastes, leaf litter and paddy straw were evaluated for their efficacy in reducing the ammonia volatilization from poultry droppings. Among the carbon wastes tested, coir pith, saw dust and paddy straw were found to be efficient in reducing the ammonia loss by 31 to 48 per cent. In the compost mix, major nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were increased with the advancement of composting. The coir pith mixed poultry compost recorded high nitrogen (19.7 g kg-1) and potassium content (13.9 g kg-1), whereas, coir pith and rock phosphate (RP) mixed poultry compost recorded high phosphorus content (20.1 g kg-1). When poultry waste was composted without mixing any carbon wastes, it recorded high conductivity (EC) (3.63 dS m-1), whereas the poultry waste mixed with coir pith and paddy straw recorded low conductivity value. The carbon and C/N ratio of the compost got reduced with the advancement of composting. The cumulative loss of ammonia was more when poultry manure composted without carbon wastes (1125.8 mg kg-1). Mixing of poultry wastes with coir pith reduced the ammonia loss by 57.7 percent.

Index Terms—Ammonia loss, composting, carbonaceous wastes, poultry droppings.

Prasanthrajan Mohan is with the Department of Environmental Science, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, 641003, Tamil Nadu, India (e-mail: prasanth_phd@
Boomiraj Kovilpillai is with the Agricultural Research Station, Kovilpatti, 628 501, Tamil Nadu, India (e-mail:


Cite:Prasanthrajan Mohan and Boomiraj Kovilpillai, "Addressing the Challenges of Ammonia Loss from Poultry Droppings through Indigenous Carbon Wastes," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 394-406, 2012.

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