Abstract—Consumer society, in order to meet the growing need for food, agricultural land per unit area required to achieve maximum efficiency and highest quality product. It is known that the nutrition of the plant is the one of the most important factors to control agricultural productivity and quality. Rates of nutrients in the soil affects the quality of yield. In the permanent agricultural land, the soil will be very poor in nutrients, as a result, inefficient. Therefore, producers, fertilize the soil, combat pests, irrigation and process of agricultural activities to make more efficient to soil. Fertilization among these activities remains a priority at all times. Recent studies, however, excessive use of fertilizers is the need for additional land outside the public and environmental health of the reported adverse affects. Excessive fertilization and mindless, but there were soil salinity, heavy metal accumulation, water eutrophication and accumulation of nitrate, to consider in terms of air pollution in the air of gases containing nitrogen and sulfur, giving and can lead to problems such as the greenhouse effect. In this review, aims to reveal environmental and health problems caused by improper fertilization provides recommendation toward solving these problems.
Index Terms—Agricultural pollution, environment, fertilization.
Serpil Savci is with the Biosystems Engineering Department in Bozok University, Turkey (e-mail: email@example.com)
Cite:Serpil Savci, "An Agricultural Pollutant: Chemical Fertilizer," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 73-80, 2012.