IJESD 2019 Vol.10(9): 288-293 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2019.10.9.1189

Machine Learning: An Efficient Alternative to the Variable Infiltration Capacity Model for an Accurate Simulation of Runoff Rates

Hamidreza Ghasemi Damavandi, Dimitrios Stampoulis, Reepal Shah, Yuhang Wei, Dragan Boscovic, and John Sabo

Abstract—The present study aims to investigate the performance of the artificial intelligence to emulate the conventional physically-based hydrological models. Although these conventional models could accurately depict the underlying physical processes, but they require a lengthy preprocessing phase as well as a tedious calibration time. Therefore, a need to examine the potential efficient alternative for these models is highly felt. This need becomes imperative once we adopt fine temporal and spatial resolutions for our hydrological modeling, leading to a massive number of to-be-analyzed cells. To this end, we propose a learning framework towards an accurate prediction of runoff rates using meteorological variables, and hence, mimicking the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) by a nimble systematized predictive model. We also present a novel strategy to optimally select the most informative subset of data to train our predictive model, out of the pool of accessible data. This strategy would then considerably enhance the performance of our prediction in terms of computation time. We reported our result as the Pearson correlation coefficient between the predicted and actual runoff rates. Our predictive model was able to forecast the runoff rates with the mean correlation coefficient of 0.9007 for the cells within the study basin.

Index Terms—Active learning, artificial intelligence, random forests, variable infiltration capacity.

Hamidreza Ghasemi Damavandi, Dimitrios Stampoulis, Reepal Shah, Yuhang Wei, and John Sabo are with Future H2O, the Office of Knowledge Enterprise Develepment, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA (e-mail: {hghasemi, dstampou, Reepal.Shah, John.L.Sabo}@asu.edu, hhuweiyuhang@163.com).
Dragan Boscovic is with the Center of Assured and Scalable Data Engineering (CASCADE), Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA (e-mail: dboscovi@asu.edu).

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Cite: Hamidreza Ghasemi Damavandi, Dimitrios Stampoulis, Reepal Shah, Yuhang Wei, Dragan Boscovic, and John Sabo, "Machine Learning: An Efficient Alternative to the Variable Infiltration Capacity Model for an Accurate Simulation of Runoff Rates," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 288-293, 2019.

Copyright © 2019 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Indexing: Scopus (since 2019), Crossref, ProQuest, EBSCO, etc. 
  • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net