—Leather industry is a prominent industrial sector
in Bangladesh which has a massive influence on our economy.
The industry has become an area of export thrust with footwear
having been identified as an area of extreme focus. Though
having massive potential, this overgrowing sector has received
much criticism on environmental as well as health issue.
Basically the process of tanning is to retain the skin's natural
properties, to stabilize its structure and at the same time to
chemically process it so it will no longer be subject to
putrefaction. It is one of the most energy intensive industries in
Bangladesh which creates eco toxicity like water pollution, solid
waste generations. In Bangladesh eco toxicity evaluation of any
aquatic environment has not been conducted in large scale so
far. Tannery discharge wastes to the marshy land like rivers
and canals which carry toxic chemical like H2S (water), NH3
(ammonia), poisonous chlorine and nitrogen based gases.
According to a report by SOCIETY FOR ENVIRONMENT
AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT (SEHD), millions of people
suffer from gastrointestinal, dermatological and other diseases
and 90% of them die before the age of 50. This project has been
done to focus on the evaluation of pollution on the relative areas
and also aimed at optimum utilization of for this Environmental
Impact Assessment (EIA) has been done in those particular
areas. It shows highly negative impact on ecological
environment but shows more positive impact on human
—EIA, eco toxicity, optimum utilization, tannery
discharge, water treatment.
Abul Hasnat, Istiakur Rahman, and Mosabbir Pasha are with the
Department of CEE, Islamic University of Technology (IUT), Bangladesh
Cite:Abul Hasnat, Istiakur Rahman, and Mosabbir Pasha, "Assessment of Environmental Impact for Tannery
Industries in Bangladesh," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 217-220, 2013.