General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev.
    • Frequency: Monthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
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The University of Queensland, Australia
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IJESD 2017 Vol.8(8): 557-560 ISSN: 2010-0264
doi: 10.18178/ijesd.2017.8.8.1015

Feasibility Study of Disposed LCD Monitor and Carbon Cloth Electrodes for Synchronized Removal/Recovery of Cr6+ by Microbial Fuel Cells

Praveena Gangadharan and Indumathi M Nambi
Abstract—This study compares the use of Liquid Crystal coated Polaroid Glass Electrode (LCPGE) material collected from the disposed computer monitor and carbon cloth as electrodes in microbial fuel cell (MFC) for the simultaneous reduction/recovery of hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) from wastewater. The Cr6+ is bioelectrochemically reduced to the non-toxic Cr3+ form in the cathode chamber of a two-chambered MFC. At the cathode LCPGE interface, 100% of Cr6+ reduction was achieved within 48 h of operation. Similarly, using carbon cloth as cathode, 100 mg/L of Cr6+ was completely removed within 24 h (initial pH 2.0). In both the electrodes, the chromium was recovered as highly stable and non-toxic chromium oxide (Cr2O3). The recovered Cr2O3 was characterized by ATR-FTIR analysis. A maximum power density of 10 mW/m2 and 700.11 mW/m2 was achieved for the LCPGE and carbon cloth electrodes, respectively at ambient conditions. Moreover, 78% of organic carbon is mineralized at the anode chamber making this technology a more viable option for simultaneous chromium reduction and domestic wastewater treatment along with power production. Furthermore, the recovered Cr2O3 can be used as a raw material for various applications.

Index Terms—Carbon cloth, hexavalent chromium, e-waste, microbial fuel cell (MFC).

The authors are with the Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras-600036, India (e-mail:,


Cite: Praveena Gangadharan and Indumathi M Nambi, "Feasibility Study of Disposed LCD Monitor and Carbon Cloth Electrodes for Synchronized Removal/Recovery of Cr6+ by Microbial Fuel Cells," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 557-560, 2017.

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