Abstract—Indonesia, especially Riau Province has struggled
with forest fire since 1997 which causes degradation of peat soil.
Nowadays, peat soil in the Bengkalis District, Riau Province, has
been partially degraded by repeated fires and land clearing so
that the fertility decline. Therefore, it is necessary to improve
the fertility of peat land. The aim of this research was to study
the effect of the presence of the termite nest to the ecosystem
degraded peat lands in the village of Tanjung Leban, Bengkalis
Regency. Parameters measured were the content of ammonium
and nitrate ions in soil samples around the termite nests using
Auto-analyzer. The results of analysis of 10 termite nests showed
that the ion content of NH4
+ (H2O), NH4
+ (KCl), and NO3 (H2O
and KCl) found in soil samples S2, S8 and S10. Based on the
results, it can be concluded that the termite nests found in this
study site in general no significant impact on the increase of
nitrogen in the soil using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and
Duncan test at α = 0.05.
Index Terms—Ammonium, auto-analyzer, nitrate, peat, termites.
Sofia Anita and T. Ariful Amri are with Chemistry Dept. University of Riau, Indonesia (e-mail: sofiaanita94@ gmail.com, t.ariful.amri@ lecturer.unri.ac.id).
Fransisca was with the University of Riau, Indonesia (e-mail: Fransiscalin92@gmail.com).
Cite: Sofia Anita, Fransisca, and Tengku Ariful Amri, "Determination of Ammonium and Nitrate Ions on Degraded Peat Soil by Termites Activities in Tanjung Leban, Bengkalis Regency," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 221-224, 2017.