Abstract—Punjab agriculture dominated by wheat-rice
cropping cycle witnessed a quantum jump in agricultural
production and productivity as the result of green revolution
technology and contributed largely towards ensuring food
security to India’s growing population. But overtime, growth
and production of crops in the state is on decline due to
overexploitation of its natural resources. The state now faces the
problem pertaining to sustainability of its agriculture. The
present paper evaluates the extent of sustainability of crop
production in Punjab. Sustainability has been measured using
time trend analysis of Monteith (1990) and inferences of
sustainability were drawn from contingency table. Further,
geometric growth rates of total area and yields of all major
crops were computed using methodology of Oyekale (2012). The
results show that even though production of majority of the
crops is sustainable but it will not be for very long. From 1966 to
2011, crops like Wheat (0.6%), Cotton (0.4%), Maize (2.1%),
Oilseeds (1.9%), Pulses (3.6%), Bajra (4.2%), Barley (4%),
Sugarcane (2.3%), Jowar (4.6%) were sustainably cultivated
while rice (-1.4%) showed unsustainability. The findings
suggest that for sustainability of crop production in Punjab,
there is need for crop diversification and shift from input
intensive agriculture to sustainable farming so as to conserve
natural resources for future food security.
Index Terms—Sustainability, agriculture, sustainability index, crop production.
Varinderpal Kaur is with the Department of Geography, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Varinderpal Kaur, "Statistical Analysis of Crop Production Sustainability in India: A Micro Level Study," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 191-194, 2017.