Abstract—Meeting the demand for urban slum housing is one
of the major challenges in front of government especially in
developing countries like India. Traditionally, temporary and
semi-permanent houses are being rebuilt by the government
using commercially available products. The present paper briefs
the application of sustainable construction materials to improve
the energy efficiency of the permanent houses being built in
Urban Slums. The concept is briefed with a case study over
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. Using locally available bio-fuel
ash, cellular light weight (BFA-CLW) bricks were developed
and recommended for the use as the masonry product. However,
the traditional concrete roof is recommended to be treated with
geofoam to improve thermal resistance. The proposed use of the
materials (M1- BFA-CLW & roof treated with geofoam) is
compared with the traditional practice of design (M2- Fly ash
brick with concrete roof). The cooling demand over the year for
the considered geographic location was analyzed in the
simulation software using building information modeling
principals. The study resulted that the model M1 is energy
efficient, cost competitive and shall conserve 46% of operating
energy annually (cooling demand) as compared with
conventional model M2. The study concludes with a note that
the proposed model is a viable and practical acceptable solution.
Index Terms—Sustainable construction materials, energy efficiency, BFA-CLW, geofoam.
R. V. Ralegaonkar was with the Department of Civil Engineering at VNIT, Nagpur, India. He is currently with Material Science and Engineering Department, UTA, Texas, Arlington, US (e-mail: email@example.com).
H. R. Gavali is with the Department of Civil Engineering at VNIT, Nagpur, India (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
V. V. Sakhare is with the Department of Civil Engineering, BITS, Pilani, India (e-mail: email@example.com).
A. Puppala is with the Department of Civil Engineering, UTA, Texas, US (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
P. B. Aswath is with Material Science and Engineering Department, UTA, Texas, Arlington, US (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: R. V. Ralegaonkar, H. R. Gavali, V. V. Sakhare, A. Puppala, and P. B. Aswath, "Application of Sustainable Construction Materials for Urban Slum Houses," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 182-186, 2017.