Abstract—With the development of cities, environmental and
ecological systems have been affected under certain damage and
the change of water circulation system. In this paper, mainly two
kinds of low impact development (LID) facilities are studied:
bio-retention and cistern system. From their own characteristics,
they were analyzed including application efficiency and
landscape effect. The research shows that the landscape effect on
bio-retention is better, and its effect on flood control is
particularly prominent in the process of small-scale rainfall.
Cistern system has relatively low manufacturing cost. Its setting
is flexible, more runoff can be detained. And it has prominent
and stable effect on water balance. These two facilities are fit
able choices in urban planning and construction.
Index Terms—Low impact development, bio-retention, cistern system, urban development, water balance.
Niu Shuai is with Tianjin Urban Planning and Design Institute, Tianjin, P.R China (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Zhang Sen is with School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Tianjin, P.R China (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Niu Shuai and Zhang Sen, "Assessing the Effectiveness of Low Impact Development by Bio-retention and Cistern System for Tianjin, Northern China," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 135-138, 2017.