Abstract—There is consensus that rural farmers’ livelihoods
are vulnerable to climate change. Also, literature suggests that
locally driven adaptations are critical complementary strategies
that can be targeted to reduce the negative effects of climate
change in the short-run. Thus far, through using a cross
sectional survey sample of 200 rural farmers from the Amathole
district municipality of the Eastern Cape Province of South
Africa, the paper estimated farmers’ climate change adaptation
strategies, adaptation portfolio diversity and factors that
condition farmers’ adoption behavior. The results reveal
several crop, livestock and non-farm based adaptation
strategies skewed in favour of crop and non-farm floral based
techniques. The results further indicate that rural farmers in
general are low adopters of climate change adaptation
strategies with poor adaptation portfolio diversity. Regression
estimates reveal several socio-economic and institutional factors
as drivers of adoption and adaptation portfolio diversity worth
targeting to promote the ability of rural farmers to cope with
Index Terms—Climate change, adaptation strategies.
A. Taruvinga is with the Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Fort Hare, Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
M. Visser is with the School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7701, South Africa (e-mail: email@example.com).
L. Zhou is with the Risk and Vulnerability Science Centre, Climatic Change/Action, Food and Water Security, University of Fort Hare, Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: A. Taruvinga, M. Visser, and L. Zhou, "Determinants of Rural Farmers’ Adoption of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies: Evidence from the Amathole District Municipality, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 687-692, 2016.