Abstract—We conducted a cost-benefit analysis of air pollution abatement options that considered income level by region in a residential sector of a ger area in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The study selected three feasible measures, taking into account direct benefits (fuel savings), health benefits and investment costs. The net present value of the abatement combined options and the reduction of total suspended particulate (TSP) emissions during the investment timeframe were estimated. We also conducted double-bounded dichotomous contingent (DBDC) valuation surveys with 373 respondents to gather data on air pollution awareness and willingness to pay (WTP) for protection of health from air pollution. To assess the unit costs of health benefits, we relied on the willingness-to-pay study carried out as part of the CVM study, which derived a value of WTP of US$20.30, which is the value placed on protection of health from air pollution.
As for the results, the air pollution abatement combined option can be seen to reduce emissions approximately 50 percent in Ulaanbaatar over 7 years.
Index Terms—Air pollution, cost-benefit analysis, contingent valuation, Ulaanbaatar.
O. Enkhtsolmon and T. Matsumoto are with the Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 8080135, Japan (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Erkhembayar Tseveen is with School of Applied Science, Mongolian University of Science and Technology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: O. Enkhtsolmon, T. Matsumoto, and Erkhembayar Tseveen, "Cost Benefit Analysis of Air Pollution Abatement Options in the Ger Area, Ulaanbaatar, and Health Benefits Using Contingent Valuation," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 330-334, 2016.