—Eco-efficiency (EE) is a concept for quantifying the
relationship between economic value creation and
environmental impacts. In other words, to be eco-efficient is to
add value to goods or services while reducing adverse
environmental impacts. In this study, the Eco-indicator 99 was
used as a life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) tool to assess
environmental impacts. The optimization of EE refers to the
maximization of environmental improvement, the minimization
of the cost of environmental improvement, or both. Linear
programming (LP) was used as an environmental improvement
strategy tool to facilitate the optimization of EE. Finally, the
optimal strategy for reducing environmental impact in an
environmental impact assessment (EIA) was used as a case
—Eco-efficiency (EF), environmental impact
assessment (EIA), life cycle impact assessment (LCIA), linear
K. F. R. Liu is with the Department of Safety, Health and Environmental
Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City, Taiwan
24301, ROC (e-mail: email@example.com).
J. Y. Kuo is with the Department of Safety, Health and Environmental
Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
He is also with the Department of Science and Information Engineering,
National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 10608, ROC
Y. H. Chang is with the Zig Sheng Industrial CO., LTD, Taipei City,
Taiwan 10342, ROC (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
H. H. Liang is with the Department of Architecture, National United
University, Miaoli, Taiwan 36003, ROC (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Kevin Fong-Rey Liu, Jong-Yih Kuo, Yuan-Hua Chang, and Han-Hsi Liang, "Optimization of Life Cycle Assessment-Based Eco-efficiency," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 211-215, 2016.