General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), CABI, DOAJ, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
    • E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net
  • Oct 26, 2017 News! Vol.8, No.10 has been published with online version!   [Click]
  • Sep 13, 2017 News! Vol.8, No.9 has been published with online version!   [Click]
Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2016 Vol.7(3): 185-192 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2016.V7.765

Economic and Environmental Effects of Using Onboard Desalinated Ballast Water from Oil and Natural Gas Trade as a Source of Water Supply for Abu Dhabi

Gian Vergnetti, Yanxiang Wang, and I-Tsung Tsai
Abstract—This paper investigates the economic and environmental effects of supplying Abu Dhabi with desalinated ballast water brought in by exporting oil tankers and liquefied natural gas (LNG) vessels on their return route from oil and natural gas trade. Traditionally, ballast water is discharged into the ocean which leads to a negative impact on marine environments. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has developed regulations that prohibit the discharge of untreated ballast water in order to prevent these negative environmental effects. An efficient way of meeting IMO requirements would be to desalinate the ballast water and supply it domestically to local residents for consumption. In this paper, we illustrate two models. The first is a cost benefit analysis model that examines the economics of desalinating ballast water using oil tanker/LNG carrier engine waste heat under different domestic water demand scenarios. In addition to environmental benefits, results show that ballast water trading can generate cost savings of between $771.5 million and $602.0 million from 2012 to 2030, depending on realized domestic water demand. The second model presents a computable general equilibrium (CGE) analysis, performed to identify GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and inter-sector production changes. An environmental analysis is built into this model to understand the impact on climate change. Flexible price and fixed price policy scenarios are considered. Results show that GDP and CO2 emissions increase under both flexible price and fixed price policy scenarios, and that implementation of a flexible price policy has more of an impact on the growth of GDP and CO2 emissions than implementation of a fixed price policy.

Index Terms—Ballast water management, desalination, environmental analysis, computational general equilibrium model.

Yanxiang Wang and Gian Vergnetti were with the Department of Engineering Systems and Management, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 54224, UAE (e-mail: gvergnetti@masdarac.ae, ywang@masdarac.ae).
I-Tsung Tsai is with the Department of Engineering Systems and Management, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 54224, UAE (e-mail: itsai@masdarac.ae).

[PDF]

Cite: Gian Vergnetti, Yanxiang Wang, and I-Tsung Tsai, "Economic and Environmental Effects of Using Onboard Desalinated Ballast Water from Oil and Natural Gas Trade as a Source of Water Supply for Abu Dhabi," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 185-192, 2016.

Copyright © 2008-2017. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development. All rights reserved.
E-mail: ijesd@ejournal.net