Abstract—A wireless sensor network (WSN) to automatically
irrigate the crops using soil moisture content values obtained
from the soil moisture sensor is designed. Gravity-feed drip
irrigation is actuated according to the needs of the crop by
using a relay to on a solenoid valve when the soil is dry, which
is determined by soil moisture content below 60%. End devices
communicate with the Coordinator via XBee communication
Index Terms—Sensors, wireless, irrigation, solar power, ZigBee.
Angelina M. Y. Ho and Hawa Ze Jaafar are with the Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com).
Ionel Valeriu Grozescu and Muhammad Zaharul Asyraf Bin Zaharin are with the Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia.
Cite: Angelina M. Y. Ho, Hawa Ze Jaafar, Ionel Valeriu Grozescu, and Muhammad Zaharul Asyraf Bin Zaharin, "Solar Powered Gravity-Feed Drip Irrigation System Using Wireless Sensor Network," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 970-973, 2015.