Abstract—In this study, the sorption behaviour of natural (clinoptilolite) zeolites with respect to cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) has been studied in order to consider its application to purity metal finishing wastewaters. The batch method has been employed, using competitive sorption system with metal concentrations in solution ranging from 50 to 300 mg/l. The percentage sorption and distribution coefficients (Kd) were determined for the sorption system as a function of metal concentration. In addition lability of the sorbed metals was estimated by DTPA extraction following their sorption. The results showed that Freundlich model described satisfactorily sorption of all metals. Zeolite sorbed around 32, 75, 28, 99, and 59 % of the added Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn metal concentrations respectively. According to the percentage sorption and distribution coefficients values, the selectivity sequence of studied metals by zeolite can be given as Pb > Cu > Zn > Cd >Ni. About 57, 47, 78, 22, and 29 % from the total sorbed Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn recovered by DTPA indicating that lability of the adsorbed Ni was higher than, Cd, Cu, Zn, and Pb respectively. These results show that natural zeolites hold great potential to remove cationic heavy metal species from industrial wastewater.
Index Terms—Sorption, lability, heavy metals, zeolite.
Sabry M. Shaheen is with the Dept. of Soil & Water Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kafrelsheikh, 33 516-Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt (e-mail: email@example.com).
Aly S. Derbalah is with the Department of Pesticides, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kafrelsheikh, 33 516-Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt (email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Cite: Sabry M. Shaheen, Aly S. Derbalah, and Farahat S. Moghanm, "Removal of Heavy Metals from Aqueous Solution by Zeolite in Competitive Sorption System," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 362-367, 2012.