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    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
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Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2012 Vol.3(3): 311-314 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2012.V3.237

Bridge Architecture in Malaysia

H. Niroumand, M. F. M. Zain, and M. Jamil

Abstract—Bridges, symbols of superior progress, are a type of architectural construction that its importance is frequently raised to a level of emblematic significance. A review of the panorama of world architecture during the past decade reveals a great multiplicity of styles and trends, all of which provide an undeniable wealth of richness. In this paper is presented architectural aspects in Malaysian bridges. According to the configuration of frameworks, bridges may be described as arched, girdered, cable stayed or suspension. Refereeing to materials, Malaysian bridges are used natural stone, wood and steel as well as mass concrete, either reinforced or pre-stressed in the bridges construction that they are an important factor in architecture and aesthetic of bridges.

Index Terms—Bridge architecture, Malaysia, Penang bridge, Putrajaya bridges, sky bridge, materials, aesthetic.

H. Niroumand and M. Jamil are with Department of Architecture, National University of Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia (e-mail: nirumand@eng.ukm.my; hniroumand@ymail.com).
M. F. M. Zain is with Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering, National University of Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia.

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Cite: H. Niroumand, M. F. M. Zain, and M. Jamil, "Bridge Architecture in Malaysia," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 311-314, 2012.

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