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    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
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Editor-in-chief
The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2011 Vol.2(6): 448-453 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2011.V2.167

Sedimentation, Heavy Metals Profiles and Cluster Analysis of a Former Tin Mining Lake

Zaini Hamzah, Ahmad Saat, Abdul Khalik Wood, and Zaharidah Abu Bakar

Abstract—Pb-210 method has been applied to sedimentation study on an abandoned tin mining lake in Malaysia. In recent years the lakes areas have been converted into more economically important areas with activities such as agriculture, recreational and residential. The sediment profiles at locations in the lakes are expected to be impacted by the discharge of these near shores and on lakes activities. The Pb-210 depth profiles of the cores enable the respective sediment age and sedimentation rate to be determined. The sedimentation rate was found to be 0.57 ± 0.10 cm.y-1. Age wise, the sediment were about 40 – 50 years old. For metals profiles, generally synchronous higher concentrations were observed in the younger section of the cores. This coincides with the period of the intensification of anthropogenic activities in the area. Mean metal concentrations for all cores for As, Cr, Mn, Zn, U-238 and Th-232 were 48.9 ppm, 41.1 ppm, 407.9 ppm, 199.1 ppm, 30.6 ppm and 85.7 ppm respectively. These results are twice as high compared to results of a control location on undisturbed land. Discharges from such activities containing heavy metals get their way into the lake through surface deposition by rain water, and remobilized from the depositional areas to the sediment coring sites. U-238 and Th-232 may be attributed to the minerals contained in the tin tailings left in the area. Cluster analysis of the metals indicated they are of both anthropogenic and natural origins.

Index Terms—Sediments, heavy metals, Pb-210 method, radionuclides.

Z. Hamzah is with the Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Malaysia (e-mail: author@ boulder.nist.gov). A. Saat is with the Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Malaysia (e-mail: ahmad183@salam.uitm.edu.my).
A. K. Wood is with the Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Malaysia (e-mail: khalik@salam.uitm.edu.my).
Z. A. Bakar was with the Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Malaysia (e-mail: matana99@yahoo.co.uk)

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Cite: Zaini Hamzah, Ahmad Saat, Abdul Khalik Wood, and Zaharidah Abu Bakar, "Sedimentation, Heavy Metals Profiles and Cluster Analysis of a Former Tin Mining Lake," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 448-453, 2011.

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