General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0264
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2010-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJESD
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Richard Haynes
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), CABI, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Electronic Journals Library, Crossref, ProQuest.
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The University of Queensland, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJESD. The journal publishes good papers in the field of environmental science and development.
IJESD 2011 Vol.2(5): 377-382 ISSN: 2010-0264
DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2011.V2.154

Allocation of Greenhouse Gas Emission for Japan Large Emitting Industries under Kyoto Protocol by Grandfathering Rule Approach

Jeff Huang and Ken Nagasaka

Abstract—In the recent years, Global Warming has become an increasingly popular topic in our society. Reduction of Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and the speed of global warming are important issue that will affect the entire human race. The Kyoto Protocol has helped many countries to establish their own GHG emission reduction target, but has failed to help the participating countries to devise an appropriate allocation plan. This paper looks at the trend in Japan’s GHG emission as well as examines its major contributors. Based on the historical performance; economic growth rate; potential factor; reduction target and traditional/updating grandfathering rule approach, the allocation of emission allowance among the high emitting industries in Japan was determined. According to the calculation results from both traditional/updating grandfathering rule approaches, Iron & Steel; Paper & Pulp and Cement industry are on track and expect to keep its emission generation level very close to the allocation cap established under the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. Chemical industry is the only industry required to take significant reduction exercise now in order to keep its emission level within the allocation cap. Also from the allocation result, the Iron & Steel industry will be rewarded more emission allowance based on the result from the updating grandfathering rule approach.

Index Terms—Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission, Emission allowance allocation, Kyoto Protocol, Grandfathering rule approach.

Jeff Huang and Ken Nagasaka are with Department of Electrical and Electronics, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan. (e-mail:;


Cite: Jeff Huang and Ken Nagasaka, "Allocation of Greenhouse Gas Emission for Japan Large Emitting Industries under Kyoto Protocol by Grandfathering Rule Approach," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 377-382 , 2011.

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