Abstract—Thermocline is defined as a sublayer with suddenly decrease in temperature in physical oceanography. Thermocline is often observed in the open ocean and can develop as a seasonal phenomenon in the shallower part of the ocean or as a permanent one that is usually seen in the deeper part of the ocean. Some climate parameters and factors influence on its formation. Such as wind stress, evaporation and solar radiation. Thermocline displacement indicates turbulence happening and internal wave's propagation. The Persian Gulf is a semi-enclosed sea connecting to the Earth surface waters through the Strait of Hormuz. Thermocline exists and forms in the Persian Gulf in summer despite of in winter. In this paper, summer thermocline formation will illustrated .
Index Terms—Thermocline, Persian Gulf, Summer, Temperature.
Mehdi Delphi, M. Sc in Civil engineering, Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar Branch, Iran.
Seyed Majid Mosaddad, Faculty member, Physics group, Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar Branch, Iran.
Cite: Mehdi Delphi and Seyed Majid Mosaddad, "Formation of Summer Thermocline in the Persian Gulf," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 429-431, 2010.