Abstract—Climate change is an additional pressure on top of the many (fishing pressure, loss of habitat, pollution, disturbance, introduced species) which fish stocks already experience. The impact of climate change must be evaluated in the context of other anthropogenic pressures, which often have much greater and more immediate effect. Factors that can shape climate are climate changes. These include such processes as variations in solar radiation, deviations in the Earth's orbit, mountain-building and continental drift, and changes in greenhouse gas concentrations. Some parts of the climate system, such as the oceans and ice caps, respond slowly in reaction to climate changes because of their large mass. Therefore, the climate system can take centuries or longer to fully respond to new external changes. Many of the studies made assumptions about changes in baseline socioeconomic conditions, adaptation, and biophysical processes. Almost all of the studies we examined estimated that there will be increasing adverse impacts beyond an approximate 3 to 4°C increase in global mean temperature. The studies do not show a consistent relationship between impacts and global mean temperatures between 0 and 3 to 4°C. In coastal resources it is clear that impacts will be adverse with low levels of temperature change.
Index Terms—aquaculture, adaptation, climate change, fisheries, economic, ecosystem, marine, mitigation.
Department of Economics, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. Email: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Cite: Dr. Soheila khoshnevis Yazdi and Dr. Bahram Shakouri, "The Effects of Climate Change on Aquaculture," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 378-382, 2010.