Abstract—Reducing the effect of heat island by environment construction is one of the key aspects for city development. With Landsat5 TM image of the year 2007 as the data source, this paper first has an inversion of the land surface temperature of Chongqing city with mono-window algorithm; secondly it gives a partition of the planetary brightness temperature hierarchical, and thirdly it studies both the intensity of Chongqing urban heat-island effect and heat field analysis and the relationship between the urban land use type and the effect of heat island, thermal field level and profile analysis. The above analysis indicates that the urban island effect is notable and it is not well-distributed; the influences of different land-use types on the heat-island effect vary. And finally combining the actual situation of the researched area, this paper proposes some countermeasures and solutions for alleviating the urban heat-island effect, including enhancing the urban planning and adjusting the city layout; constructing the optimal structures of the green belts and improving the urban green coverage rate; changing the structure of energy sources, improving the efficiency of the energy utilization and controlling the petrol-engine waste gas emission of factories.
Index Terms—Landsat, Ground bright temperature, Effectof heat island, Mono-window algorithm.
Cheng-Fan Li. School of Computer Engineering and Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China; (phone: 0086-13621734010; fax:0086-21-50761080; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Jing-Yuan Yin. School of Computer Engineering and Science, Shanghai University, China. (e-mail: email@example.com) (corresponding author).
Jun-Juan Zhao. School of Computer Engineering and Science, Shanghai University, China (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Cheng-Fan Li, Jing-Yuan Yin* and Jun-Juan Zhao, "Study on The Relationships between Ground Bright Temperature and Land-use Types of City Based on Landsat Image," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 268-272, 2010.