Abstract—An integrated parameter has been elaborated to estimate landscape changes based on the concept of spatial-temporal analysis and synthesis of natural territorial complexes (NTCs) enabling to study components of nature applying the unified methodology. To achieve the purpose a great number of statistical data (censuses of Georgia, area of agriculture lands, number of industrial enterprises, and length of transport network), long-term field-work observations in different landscapes, cartographic and fund materials were made use of. The entire data were processed by means of GIS-technologies. The cartographic base of the research is the landscape map of Georgia. The object of the study is the entire territory of Georgia. On the basis of Geographical inventory of landscapes and Landscapes GIS database an integrated parameter of landscape changes was elaborated on the example of Georgia, also the degree of landscape changes and its spatial distribution were revealed according to different landscape units.
Index Terms—an integrated parameter, Georgia, landscape changes, landscape inventory, natural territorial complexes.
Cite:Dali A. Nikolaishvili, Lia G. Matchavariani and Roman G. Maisuradze, "A Landscape Changes of Georgia: Estimation of an Integrated Parameter," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 214-218, 2010.