Abstract—Municipal waste management is still a significant
problem for solid waste issues in Indonesia. Only 60 to 70% of
the waste generated is disposed of in landfills, the rest is
dispersed in different areas. The potential for leachate pollution,
greenhouse gases, and a waste of non-renewable natural
resources can occur due to municipal waste management
problems not being optimal. Municipal waste management
needs a holistic concept that would include upstream to
downstream stages. This paper comprehensively reviews
municipal waste management with a zero waste concept based
on management, development, measuring, implementations,
strategies, potentials, and challenges in Indonesia. The zero
waste concept offers waste management, starting with waste
elimination, recycling, reduction, and recovery of used goods.
Several municipalities around the globe, such as Canberra,
Adelaide (Australia), Stockholm (Sweden), Nova-Scotia
(Canada), and San Francisco (United States), have decided on
targets for zero waste cities. Indonesia is still implementing
waste management that accentuates disposal in landfills, so
there needs to be a literature study related to the management,
development, measuring, implementations, strategies,
potentials, and challenges of Indonesia’s zero waste concept.
Index Terms—Municipal waste management, zero waste, landfills
Edza Aria Wikurendra is with the Doctoral School of Management and Organizational Science, Faculty of Economic Science, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Science, Hungary. He is also with the Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Indonesia.
Nour Salah Abdeljawad is with the Doctoral School of Management and Organizational Science, Faculty of Economic Science, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Science, Hungary.
Imre Nagy was with the Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Serbia. He is also with KRTK Institute for Regional Studies, Hungary.
*Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org (E.A.W.)
Cite: Edza Aria Wikurendra*, Nour Salah Abdeljawad, and Imre Nagy, "A Review of Municipal Waste Management with Zero Waste Concept: Strategies, Potential and Challenge in Indonesia," International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 147-154, 2023.Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).